Jaleh Ghashghaie

Position: Professor PR1

Team: Plant Ecophysiology

Contact details:
Laboratoire Écologie, Systématique et Évolution – IDEEV
Bureau 2212 Bât. 680 – 12, route 128
91190 Gif Sur Yvette

Tel: +33 (0)1 69 15 63 59

Fax: +33 (0)1 69 15 72 38

Email: jaleh.ghashghaie (at) universite-paris-saclay.fr

ORCID: 0000-0002-2381-8396

Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution

Research interests

The study of the respiratory metabolism of plants using stable isotopes of carbon is the main focus of my research. The aim is to determine the C-isotopic discrimination during plant respiration in order to understand the metabolic origin of C released by the respiration of plants subjected to different environmental conditions (temperature, drought, nitrogen nutrition, etc.). We measured, together with my PhD students, the natural abundances of C-isotopes (13C/12C) in CO2 released by leaf and root respiration of different species (C3 and C4) and also in the putative respiratory substrates (soluble sugars, organic acids, etc.). Also labelling experiments were conducted either by labelling the photoassimilates using 13C-labelled air CO2, or labelling leaves or roots by supplying positionnaly13C-labelled glucose or pyruvate and track the labelled C in respired CO2 and different metabolites. We showed that contrary to what was assumed before, the CO2 released by leaf respiration is enriched in 13C while that of root is often depleted in 13C compared to the metabolites in the corresponding organs. This is the case in herbaceous C3 and C4 plants (not in woody plants) and we were able to demonstrate the metabolic origin of this respiratory isotope discrimination between leaves and roots. In woody species, however, the isotopic signal of CO2 released by root respiration is also enriched in 13C, as in leaves (to our knowledge, this aspect has not yet been studied). These results are already published as research and review articles in many international journals (see the publication list below).

Recently, we aimed to understand the impact of the inorganic nitrogen source (NH4+ vs. NO3). on the metabolism of sugars and organic acids and respiratory metabolism, and consequently on the C-isotope composition of the respired CO2 and respiratory substrates. Since NO3 is mainly assimilated in leaves, while NH4+ is rather assimilated in roots, and their assimilation would affect the anaplerotic activity of the enzyme PEPc (which enriches in 13C the malate), it is expected that the foliar and root metabolites and therefore the CO2 released by these organs will be differently impacted under nitrogen nutrition with different proportions of NH4+ vs. NO3 in the nitrogen supplied to the plants. The results obtained on two C3 plant species (beans and spinach) showed that the foliar CO2 respired in both species was enriched in 13C under NO3 nutrition, and that gradually with the increase in NH4+ proportion in the nutrient solution it became progressively less 13C-enriched. Various statistical analyses have shown that this variation in the isotopic signature of respired CO2 is mainly related to the metabolism of organic acids (malate and citrate) regardless of the species and organs studied (a corresponding manuscript is about to be submitted).

Our results on the metabolic origin of the isotopic signature of CO2 released during leaf and root respiration and its variation under different environmental conditions would allow better understanding and interpreting the isotopic signature of CO2 released by the ecosystem respiration in carbon balance studies.

Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution


Stable Isotopes: Lecture and practical courses on the use of stable isotopes in plant ecology: Basics on the stable isotopes, C-isotope discrimination during photosynthesis in C3, C4 ad CAM plants, post-photosynthetic C-isotope discrimination, modelling at ecosystem level, isotope labelling, and the use of stable isotopes in food web studies (Bachelor and Master students).

Plant resistance to drought (Lecture) on the mechanisms of plant resistance/adaptation to drought: morphological, structural and physiological adaptation, impact of drought on plant photosynthesis and stomatal responses as well as plant growth and water use efficiency (Master students).

Soil: Lecture on the physico-chimical and biological properties of the soils, decomposition of organic material in the soil (mineralisation and humification, different humus types), as well as practical courses on the water profiles in different soil types (Bachelor students).

Leaf water Relations: Practical courses on the leaf water, osmotic and turgor potentials, how to establish the pressure-volume curves using Scholander pressure bomb and how to determine different parameters related to drought resistance e.g. osmotic adjustment, cell wall elasticity, etc. (Bachelor students).

Leaf gas exchange measurement: Practical courses on the Methods of gas exchange measurements, and how to calculate different parameters, i.e. photosynthesis, transpiration, stomatal conductance, leaf internal to ambient CO2 concentrations (Ci/Ca), water use efficiency, and also the limits of the methods because of possible patchy stomatal closure or mesophyll resistance or water vapour diffusion through cuticle, which could lead to overestimation of Ci/Ca (Bachlor students).

Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution


2016-2020       Cathleen Mirande-Ney (French PhD, CIRAD scholarship, co-supervision): Interactome C/K dans le métabolisme et l’allocation liés à la production chez le palmier à huile.

2015-2019       Yang Xia (French PhD, Chinese scholarship): Impact of N-type nutrition (NH4+ vs. NO3) on the 13C-isotope composition of leaf- and root-respired CO2 and putative respiratory substrates in two C3 species (bean and spinach).

2015-2019       Mohamed Bagues (Tunisian PhD, co-supervision) : Réponse physiologique, biochimique et agronomique de l’orge “Ardhaoui” soumis à l’irrigation déficitaire par l’eau salée en milieu aride.

2012-2016       Imane Mihoub ((Algerian PhD, co-supervision) : Diversité génétique et physiologique de quelques espèces du genre Carthamus en Algérie : valorisation de leur potentiel de tolérance à la sécheresse et de production d’huile.

2012-2016       Behrooz Sarabi (Iranian PhD, co-supervision): Morphological, physiological and biochemical responses of some Iranian melon genotypes to salinity.

2008-2012       Najme Zeinalipour (Iranian PhD, co-supervision): Studying effect of water stress on some physiological processes of ripening in Persian melons (Cantaloupensis & Dudaim).

2008-2011       Taher Barzegar (Iranian PhD, co-supervision): Stydying sink-source relation en 2 iranian melon genotypes under normal and water stress conditions.

2005-2008       Camille Bathellier (French PhD, MESR scholarship): Respiratory metabolism of bean roots using carbon stable isotope approach (delta 13C).

2001-2004       Guillaume Tcherkez (French PhD, MESR scholarship): C-isotope discrimination during dark respiration, and 13C-labelling of photo-assimilats et reserve substrates, to study (i) metabolic pathways, and (ii) establishment and use of reserves in bean plants.

1996-2000       Muriel Duranceau (French PhD, MESR scholarship): C-isotope composition (delta 13C) in carbohydrates and CO2 released by leaf respiration in C3 plants (bean, tobacco, and sunflower) under water deficit conditions.

1994-1996       Gianni Fila (Italian PhD): Photosynthesis, stomatal conductance water relations of grapevine vitro-plants after acclimation in the greenhouse.

Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution

Career path

2009 – 2025 : Professor, University of Paris-Sud, Paris-Saclay, Orsay, France.
2004 : Habilitation Thesis, University of Paris-Sud, Orsay, France.
1991 – 2009 : Assistant Professor, University of Paris-Sud, Orsay, France.
1989 – 1991 : Lecturer (ATER) University of Paris-Sud, Orsay, France.
1987 – 1988 : Researcher, Moët-Hennessy Recherche, Paris, France.
1986 – 1987 : Assistant Professor, University of Paris-Sud, Orsay, France.
1986 : PhD on Life Science, University of Paris-Sud, Orsay, France.
1982 : Master of Plant Ecology, University of Paris-Sud, Orsay, France.
1981 : Certificat d’Ecologie Végétale, University of Paris-Sud, Orsay, France.
1980 : French Language Diploma, CAREL, Royan, France.
1979 : Bachelor of Pant Biology, Science Faculty, University of Tabriz, Iran.

Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution



Sarabi B, Ghaderi N, Ghashghaie J. (2022). Light-emitting diodes combined with humic acid improve the nutritional quality and enzyme activities of nitrate assimilation in rocket (Eruca sativa (Mill.) Thell.). Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 187:11-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2022.07.035

Sarabi B, Ghashghaie J. (2022). Evaluation of the Physiological and Biochemical Responses of Melon Plants to Nacl-Salinity Stress by Using Supervised and Unsupervised Statistical Analysis. Plant Stress, Vol. 4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stress.2022.100067

Soleimani-Asl S, Asghar Karkhane A, Zamani Amirzakaria J, Akbari K, Ghashghaie J, Haghbeen K. (2022). Structure and activity of a novel robust peroxidase from Alkanna Frigida callus. Phytochemistry, Vol. 194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2021.113022


Mohammadnejad P, Soleimani-Asl S, Rasoulian Z, Aminzadeh S, Ghashghaie J, Haghbeen K. (2021). A Potent Peroxidase from Solid Cell Culture of Ocimum Basilicum with High Sensitivity for Blood Glucose Determination. Plant, Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 46: 375-386. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11240-021-02076-5

Ghiasi S, Lehmann M, Badek F-W, Ghashghaie J, Hänsch R, Meinen R, Streb S, Hüdig M, Ruckle, ME, Carrera DA, Siegwolf RTW, Buchmann N, Werner RA. (2021). Nitrate (NO3) and ammonium (NH4+) influence plant carbon isotope composition and thus respiration. Isotopes in Environmental and Haealth Studies, 57(1):11-34. https://doi.org/10.1080/10256016.2020.1810683


Mirande-Ney C, Tcherkez G, Balliau T, Zivy M, Gilard F, Cui J, Ghashghaie J, Lamade E. (2020). Leaf metabolic effects of potassium fertilisation before visible changes in yield in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.). Environmental & Experimental Botany, Vol. 175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2020.104062


Mirande-Ney C, Tcherkez G, Gilard F, Ghashghaie J, Lamade E. (2019). Potassium fertilization affects oil palm fruit metabolism but has little effect on mesocarp lipid accumulation. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 67:9432-9440. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.9b04336

Fila G, Zeinalipour N, Badeck FW, Delshad M, Ghashghaie J. (2019). Application of water-saving treatments reveals different adaptation strategies in three Iranian melon genotypes. Scientia Horticulturae. Vol. 256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2019.05.045

Sarabi B, Fresneau C, Streb P, Citerne S, Badeck FW, Bolandnazar S, Ghaderi N, Tangama M, David A, Ghashghaie J.  (2019). Stomatal and non-stomatal limitations are responsible in down regulation of photosynthesis in melon plants grown under saline conditions: Application of carbon isotope discrimination as a proxy. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 141:1-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2019.05.010

Khosravi E, Mousavi A, Farhadpour M, Ghashghaie J, Ghanati F, Haghbeen K. (2019). Pyrrolizidine alkaloids-free extract from the cell culture of Lithospermum officinale with high antioxidant capacity. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 187:744-752. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-018-2830-3


Bagues M, Sarabi B, Ghashghaie J, Souli I, Nagaz K. (2018). Multivariate analysis of two barley landraces under deficit irrigation with saline water in southern Tunisia. Plant Biotechnology, 35:193-206. https://doi.org/10.5511/plantbiotechnology.18.0502a

Mihoub I, Badeck F-W, Aïd F, Lamothe-Sibold M, Ghashghaie J. (2018). Relationships between taproot characteristics, carbon isotope composition and grain yield in four safflower accessions. Arid Land Research and Management, Vol. 32, Issue 4. https://doi.org/10.1080/15324982.2018.1463574


Bathellier C., Badeck F-W., Ghashghaie J. (2017). Carbon Stable Isotope Fractionation in Plant Respiration. In “Plant respiration: metabolic fluxes and carbon balance” (eds. G. Tcherkez, J. Ghashghaie), Vol. 43, Chapter 3. In Book Series Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration (Series eds. Govindjee, T.D. Sharkey), Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68703-2_3

Sarabi B, Bolandnazar S, Ghaderi N, Ghashghaie J. (2017). Genotypic differences in physiological and biochemical responses to salinity stress among melon (Cucumis melo L.) landraces. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 119:294-311. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2017.09.006.

Tcherkez G., Ghashghaie J. (Eds.) (2017). Plant respiration: metabolic fluxes and carbon balance (2017). Book Series “Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration” Vol. 43. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-68703-2

Zeinalipour N, Haghbeen K, Tavassolian I, Ghashghaie J. (2017). Production of 3-methylthiopropionic ethyl ester in native Iranian Cucumis melo L. Group Dudaim under regulated deficit irrigation. Journal of Functional Foods, 30:56-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jff.2016.12.019


Mihoub I, Robert T, Ghashghaie J, Vilatersana R, Lamy F, Benmrid R, Lamothe-Sibold M, Aïd F.  (2016). Phylogenetic position of two endemic Carthamus species in Algeria and their potential as sources of genes for water use efficiency improvement of safflower. Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 55:34-43. https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12220

Ghashghaie J, Badeck FW, Girardin C, Huignard C, Aydinlis Z, Fonteny C, Priault P, Fresneau C, Lamothe-Sibold M, Streb P, Terwilliger VJ (2016). Changes and their possible causes in d13C of dark-respired CO2 and bulk tissue of different organs of maize plants during early ontogeny. Journal of Experimental Botany, 67(9):2603-2615. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erw075

Imane Mihoub, Jaleh Ghashghaie, Franz W. Badeck, Thierry Robert, Marlène Lamothe-Sibold, and Fatiha Aid (2016). Intraspecific variability of carbon isotope discrimination and its correlation with grain yield in safflower: prospects for selection in a Mediterranean climate. Isotopes in environmental and Health Studies, 52(6):577-591. https://doi.org/10.1080/10256016.2016.1142988


Barzegar T., Delshad M., Kashi A.K., Mauve C, Ghashghaie J. (2015). Sugar accumulation pattern and contents in developing fruits of two Iranian melon cultivars. Iranian Journal of Plant Physiology, 5(3):1353-1359.

Ghashghaie J., Badeck FW., Girardin C., Sketriené D., Lamothe M., & Werner R.A.  (2015). Changes in d13C of dark-respired CO2 and organic matter of different organs of peanut plants during early ontogeny. Isotopes in Environment and Health Studies, 51:93-108. https://doi.org/10.1080/10256016.2015.1011635

Lamade E., Tcherkez G., Darlan N., Lobato Rodrigues R., Fresneau C., Mauve C., Lamothe M., Sketriené D., & Ghashghaie J.  (2015). Natural 13C distribution in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) and consequences for allocation pattern. Plant, Cell & Environment, 39:199-212. https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.126066


Ghashghaie J. & Badeck FW (2014). Opposite carbon isotope fractionation during dark respiration in roots vs leaves – A review. New Phytologist – Tansley review. 201(3):751-769. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.12563


Barzegar T., Badeck F.-W., Delshad M., Kashi A.-K., Berveiller D. & Ghashghaie J. (2013). 13C-labelling of leaf photoassimilates to study the source-sink relationship in two Iranian melon cultivars. Scientia Horticulturae, 151:157-164. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SCIENTA.2012.12.008

Ghashghaie J. & Tcherkez G. (2013). Isotope ratio mass spectrometry technique to follow plant metabolism: principles and applications of 12C/13C isotopes. Advances in Botanical Research, 67:378-405. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-397922-3.00008-3


Ghashghaie J. (2012). Réponses physiologiques des plantes aux facteurs environnementaux : (i) Activité photosynthétique (ii) Métabolisme respiratoire. Editions Universitaires Européennes,124 p. ISBN : 978-3-8417-9749-0

Rizza F., Ghashghaie J., Meyer S., Matteu L., Mastrangelo AM. & Badeck FW. (2012). Constitutive differences in water use efficiency and adaptive strategies in two durum wheat cultivars used as parents in a mapping population. Field Crop Research, 125:49-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2011.09.001

Werner C., Schnyder H., Cuntz M., Keitel C., Zeeman M. Dawson T., Badeck FW., Brugnoli B., Ghashghaie J., Grams T., Kayler Z., Lakatos M., Dawson T., Máguas C., Ogée J., Rascher K., Siegwolf R., Unger S., Welker J., Wingate L. & Gessler A. (2012). Progress and challenges using stable isotopes to trace plant carbon and water relations across scales. Biogeosciences, 9:3083-3111. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-9-3083-2012


Brüggemann N., Gessler A., Kayler Z., Keel S., Badeck FW., Barthel M., Boeckx P., Buchmann N., Brugnoli E., Esperschütz J., Gavrichkova O., Ghashghaie J., Gomez-Casanovas N., Keitel C., Knohl A., Kuptz D., Palacio S., Salmon Y., Uchida Y. & Bahn M. (2011). Carbon allocation and carbon isotope fluxes in the plant-soil-atmosphere continuum: a review. Biogeosciences, 8:3457-3489. https://doi.org/10.5194/BG-8-3457-2011


Tcherkez G., Schäufele R., Nogués S., Piel C., Boom A., Lanigan G., Barbaroux C., Mata C., Elhani S., Hemming D., Maguas C., Yakir D., Badeck FW., Griffiths H., Schnyder H. & Ghashghaie J. (2010). On the 13C/12C isotopic signal of day and night respiration at the mesocosm level. Plant, Cell & Environment, 33:900-913. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2010.02115.x


Badeck F.W., Fontaine J.L., Dumas F. & Ghashghaie J.  (2009). Consistent patterns in leaf lamina and leaf vein C-isotope composition across 10 herbs and tree species. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 23:2455-2460. https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.4054

Bathellier C., Tcherkez G., Bligny R., Gout E., Cornic G. & Ghashghaie J. (2009). Metabolic origin of the delta13C of respired CO2 in roots of Phaseolus vulgaris. New Phytologist, 181(2):387-399. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02679.x

Bathellier C., Tcherkez G., Mauve C., Bligny R., Gout E. & Ghashghaie J. (2009). On the resilience of nitrogen assimilation by intact roots under starvation, as revealed by isotopic and metabolomic techniques. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 23:2847-2856. https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.4198

Devaux M., Ghashghaie J., Bert D., Lambrot C., Gessler A., Bathellier C., Ogée J. & Lousteau D. (2009). Carbon stable isotope ratio of phloem sugars in mature pine trees throughout the growing season: comparison of two extraction methods. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 23:2511-2519. https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.4092

Gessler A., Tcherkez G., Karyanto O., Keitel C., Ferrio JP., Ghashghaie J., Kreuzwieser J. & Farquhar GD.  (2009). On the metabolic origin of the carbon isotope composition of CO2 evolved from darkened light-acclimated leaves in Ricinus communis. New Phytologist, 181(2):374-386. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02672.x

Girardin C., Rasse D., Biron P., Ghashghaie J. & Chenu C. (2009)-A method for 13C-labeling of metabolic carbohydrates within French bean leaves (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) for decomposition studies in soils. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 23 (12):1792-1800. https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.4075

Lamade E., Setyio I. E., Girard S. & Ghashghaie J. (2009). Changes in 13C/12C of oil palm leaves to understand the use of carbon during their passage from heterotrophy to autotrophy. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 23:2586-2596. https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.4169

Maseyk K., Seibt U., Ghashghaie J., Bathellier C., Almeida P., Lobo de Vale R., Yakir D., Pereira J.S., Mencuccini M. & Wingate L. (2009). Biotic and abiotic factors affecting the d13C of soil respired CO2 in a Mediterranean oak woodland. Isotopes in Environmental & Hearth Studies, 45 (4):343-359. https://doi.org/10.1080/10256010903388212

Maunoury-Danger F., Bathellier C., Laurette J., Fresneau C., Ghashghaie J., Damesin C. & Tcherkez G. (2009). Is there any 12C/13C fractionation during starch remobilisation and sucrose export in potato tubers? Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 23:2527-2533. https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.4097

Mauve C., Bleton J., Bathellier C., Lelarge-Trouverie C., Guérard F., Ghashghaie J., Tchapla A. & Tcherkez G.  (2009). Kinetic 12C/13C isotope fractionation by invertase: evidence for an in vitro isotope effect and comparison of 2 techniques for the isotopic analysis of carbohydrates. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 23:2499-2506. https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.4068

Mortazavi B., Conte M., Chanton J. Smith M.C., Weber J.C., Crumsey J. & Ghashghaie J. (2009). Does the 13C of foliage respired CO2 and biochemical pools reflect the 13C of recently assimilated carbon? Plant, Cell & Environment, 32:1310-1323. https://doi.org/10.1029/2005GB002650

Richter A., Waneck W., Werner R., Ghashghaie J., Jäggi M., Gessler A., Brugnoli E., Hettmann E., Göttlicher S.G., Salmon Y., Bathellier C., Kodama N., Nogués S., Soe A., Volder F., Sörgel K., Andreas Blöchl A., Siegwolf R., Buchmann N. & Gleixner G. (2009). Preparation of starch and soluble sugars from plant material for analysis of carbon isotope composition: a comparison of methods. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 23:2476-2488. https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.4088


Bathellier C., Badeck F.W., Couzi P., Harscoët S., Mauve C. & Ghashghaie J.  (2008). Divergence in d13C of dark respired CO2 and bulk organic matter occurs during the transition between heterotrophy and autotrophy in Phaseolus vulgaris L. plants. New Phytologist, 177(2):406-418. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2007.02246.x

Gessler A., Tcherkez G., Peuke A.D., Ghashghaie J. & Farquhar G.D. (2008). Experimental evidence for diel variations of the carbon isotope composition in leaf, stem and phloem sap organic matter in Ricinus communis. Plant, Cell and Environment, 31:941-953. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2008.01806.x


Fresneau C., Ghashghaie J. & Cornic G. (2007). Drought effect on nitrate reductase and sucrose-phosphate synthase in wheat (Triticum durum L.): role of leaf internal CO2. Journal of Experimental Botany, 58(11):2983-2992. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erm150

Rizza, F. Matteu L., Ghashghaie J., Mastrangelo A., Stanca A. & Badeck FW.  (2007). Water use and water use efficiency in two durum wheat cultivars contrasting for yield capacity. Photosynthesis Research, 91 (2-3):319-320. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.FCR.2011.09.001

Tcherkez G., Ghashghaie J. & Griffiths H. (2007). Methods for improving the visualization and deconvolution of isotopic signals. Plant, Cell and Environment, 30:887-891. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2007.01687.x

Werner C., Unger S., Pereira J.S., Ghashghaie J. & Máguas C. (2007). Temporal dynamics in delta13C of ecosystem respiration in response to environmental changes. In ‘Isotopes as Tracers of Ecological Change’, (Eds. T. Dawson & R. Siegwolf), ISBN: 978-012-373627-7. Elsevier Academic Press.,193-210.


Fila G., Badeck F., Meyer S., Cerovic Z. & Ghashghaie J. (2006). Relationships between leaf conductance to CO2 diffusion and photosynthesis in micropropagated grapevine plants, before and after ex vitro acclimatization. Journal of Experimental Botany, 57(11):2687-2695. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erl040

Griffiths H., Kromdijk W, Ghashghaie J., Tcherkez G. (2006). Multidimensional isotopes: Integrating outputs from biological systems. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology: A – Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 143(4):137.

Nogués S., Damesin C., Tcherkez G., Maunoury F., Cornic G. & Ghashghaie J. (2006). 13C/12C isotope labelling to study leaf carbon respiration and allocation in twigs of field grown beech trees. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 20:219-226. https://doi.org/10.1002/RCM.2297

Nogués S., Tcherkez G., Streb P., Pardo A., Baptist F., Bligny R., Ghashghaie J. & Cornic G. (2006). Respiratory carbon metabolism in the high mountain plant species Ranunculus glacialis. Journal of Experimental Botany, 57(14):3837-3845. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.104.048470

Priault P., Tcherkez G., Cornic G., De Paepe R., Naïk R., Ghashghaie J. & Streb P.  (2006). The lack of a functional mitochondrial complex I in a CMSII mutant of Nicotiana sylvestris increases photorespiration through an increased internal resistance to CO2 diffusion. Journal of Experimental Botany, 57(12):3195-3207. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erl083


Badeck F., Tcherkez G., Nogués S., Piel C. & Ghashghaie J. (2005). Post-photosynthetic fractionation of stable carbon isotopes between plant organs – a widespread phenomenon. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 19:1381-1391. https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.1912

Tcherkez G., Cornic G., Bligny R., Gout E. & Ghashghaie J. (2005). In vivo respiratory metabolism of illuminated leaves. Plant Physiology, 138:1596-1606. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.105.062141


Nogués S., Tcherkez G., Cornic G., Ghashghaie J. (2004). Respiratory carbon metabolism following illumination in intact French bean leaves using 13C/12C isotope labelling. Plant Physiology, 136:3245-3254. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.104.048470

Tcherkez G., Farquhar G., Badeck F., Ghashghaie J. (2004). Theoretical considerations about carbon isotope distribution in glucose of C3 plants. Functional Plant Biology, 31:857-877. https://doi.org/10.1071/FP04053


Ghashghaie J., Badeck F.W., Lanigan G., Nogués S., Tcherkez G., Deléens E., Cornic G. & Griffiths H. (2003). Carbon isotope fractionation during dark respiration and photorespiration in C3 plants. Phytochemistry Reviews, 2:145-161. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:PHYT.0000004326.00711.ca

Tcherkez G., Nogués S., Bleton J., Cornic G., Badeck F.W. & Ghashghaie J. (2003). Metabolic origin of carbon isotope composition of leaf dark-respired CO2 in Phaseolus vulgaris L. Plant Physiology, 131:237-244. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.013078


Duranceau M., Ghashghaie J. & Brugnoli E., (2001). Carbon isotope discrimination during photosynthesis and dark respiration in intact leaves of Nicotiana sylvestris: Comparisons between wild type and mitochondrial mutant plants. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 28(1):65-71. https://doi.org/10.1071/PP00068

Ghashghaie J., Duranceau M., Badeck M., Cornic G., Adeline M.T. & Deléens E., (2001). Delta13C of CO2 respired in the dark in relation to delta 13C of leaf metabolites: Comparison between Nicotiana sylvestris and Heliantus annuus under drought. Plant, Cell & Enviromnent, 24:505-515. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3040.2001.00699.x

Ghashghaie J., Tcherkez G., Cornic G. & Deleens E., (2001). Utilisation de la spectrométrie de masse isotopique en physiologie végétale. In : « Génomique fonctionnelle chez les végétaux : du gène à la fonction », Barbier-Brygoo H., Joyard J., Morot-Gaudry J.F. & Gaymard F. Eds, Presse INRA-CNRS, 97-105.


Cornic G., Badeck F., Ghashghaie J. & Manuel N. (1999). Effect of temperature on net CO2 uptake, stomatal conductance of CO2 and quantum yield of photosystem II photochemistry of dehydrated pea leaves. In: « Crop development for the cool and wet regions of Europe ». M. Sanchez-Diaz et al. Eds., European Commission Press, Luxembourg, 287-297.

Duranceau M., Ghashghaie J., Badeck F., Deleens E. & Cornic G. (1999). Delta 13C of CO2 respired in the dark in relation to delta 13C of leaf carbohydrates in Phaseolus vulgaris L. under progressive drought. Plant Cell & Environment, 22:515-523. https://doi.org/ https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00194068


Fila G., Ghashghaie J., Hoarau J. & Cornic G. (1998). Photosynthesis, leaf condutance and water relations of in vitro cultured grapevine rootstock in relation to acclimatisation. Physiologia Plantarum, 102:411-418. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.1998.1020309.x


Ghashghaie J. & Cornic. G. (1995). In vivo estimation of CO2/O2 specificity factor of Rubisco at varying temperature. In “Photosynthesis: From Light to Biosphere.”, Vol. II (P. Mathis ed.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, 927-930. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-0173-5_447


Ghashghaie J. & Cornic G. (1994). Effect of temperature on partitioning of photosynthetic electron flow between CO2 assimilation and O2 reduction and on the CO2/O2 specificity of RubisCo estimated from gas exchange and chlorophyll measurements on intact leaves of 2 C3 plants. Journal of Plant Physiology, 143:643-650. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0176-1617(11)81152-1


Cornic G., Ghashghaie J., Genty B. & Briantais J.M. (1992). Leaf photosynthesis is resistant to a mild drought stress. Photosynthetica, 27 (3):295-309.

Ghashghaie J., Brenckmann F. & Saugier B.  (1992). Water relations and growth of rose plants cultured in vitro under various relative humidity. Plant Cell Tissue & Organ Culture, 30:51-57. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00040000


Cornic G. & Ghashghaie J. (1991). Effects of temperature on net CO2 assimilation and PSII quantum yield of electron transfer of French bean leaves (P. Vulgaris L.) during a drought stress. Planta, 185:255-260. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00194068

Ghashghaie J., Brenckmann F. & Saugier B. (1991). Effects of agar concentration en water status and growth of in vitro Rose plants. Physiologia Plantarum, 82:73-78. https://doi.org/10.1111/J.1399-3054.1991.TB02904.X

Mordacq L., Ghashghaie J. & Saugier B. (1991). A simple field method for measuring gas exchange of small trees. Functional Ecology, 5:572-576. https://doi.org/10.2307/2389640


Ghashghaie J. & Saugier B. (1989). Effects of nitrogen deficiency on leaf photosynthetic response of tall fescue to water deficit. Plant Cell & Environment, 12:261-271. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.1989.tb01940.x


Ghashghaie J. & Saugier B. (1988). Photosynthetic response to water stress of tall fescue plants grown at two nitrogen levels. In: “Time Scale and Water Stress”. Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Mediterranean Ecosystems. Di Castri F., Floret Ch., Rambal S., Roy J. (Eds.), I.U.B.S., Paris, 81-85.